Muram Flooring - Civil Engineering

Monday, September 16, 2019

Muram Flooring

Muram Flooring

Muram flooring is usually made in the kutcha village house. It is also a cheap floor like a mud floor, and it can only be adopted for the ground floor.
Muram Flooring
Muram Flooring
It maintains and adjusts the temperature in both summer and winter. This floor is most appropriate, especially when individuals have to use it bare-footed. Muram flooring, also known as namely murram or moorum flooring.

Method of  Muram Flooring Construction

⇰For the construction of muram flooring, first of all, a subgrade or hard bed is made by laying a layer of rubble boulders or hard broken bricks. This layer is rammed hard, and sufficient water is given during the process of ramming. 

⇰After this process, a layer of muram about 150 mm thick is laid over the prepared subgrade, and it is well-consolidated and well-watered every time. Finally, a 25mm thickness of powder or fine muram is spread, and the entire surface of the floor is freely sprinkled with water. The surface is then well rammed.

After ramming, the surface is immersed with water until the floor is fully saturated with water and about 6 mm thick water layer is formed on the top of the floor. 
⇰The surface is then well trampled under the feet of labourers and levelled till the cream of muram rises to the top. The surface is then levelled and left for a day in that state. 

⇰It is then rammed again with the help of wooden rammer or thapies for three days. Ramming should be started every day for three days after sprinkling little water over it so that a hard surface is formed.

This surface is then coated with a paste of cow-dung and rammed again with thapies for two days.
Finally, finishing is done with a cement cow-dung plaster ratio of 1:4 and is wiped clean immediately by hand. 

Maintenance of Muram Flooring

For maintenance of muram flooring, a thin wash of cow-dung and cement should be provided to the surface of the floor and wiped clean instantly to keep the surface in good condition.

If applied thick wash, it would be quickly be caked and peeled off. Wash may be implemented once or twice a week depending on the intensity of traffic over the floor.

Advantages of Muram Flooring

Following are the advantages of muram flooring:
1. This floor is hard and very cheap.
2. It is smooth and easy to construct.
3. Muram flooring gives comfort in all seasons.
4. It has a long life if well-maintained.

Disadvantages of Muram Flooring

1. Frequent maintenance is required.
2. This floor is less impermeable.
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