Monday, 16 July 2018

Classification of Road in India(Urban and Non-Urban Road)||Highway Engineering||

Classification of Rural(Non-Urban ) Roads

The road which are located in the non-urban areas connect cities & towns across the country are called rural roads or non-urban roads.In India, Non-urban roads are classified into five categories as follows.

a) National Highway(N.H)

National highway are main roads running through the length and breadth of the country.They connect capitals of states,ports,large towns,industrial centers and foreign highways 
Example: N.H-34,N.H-31 .

b) State Highways (S.H)

These roads are the main arteries of traffic within a state. They connect important cities and district head quarters within the state. They are also known as Provincial Highways. 
Example: S.H-7  

c) Major District Roads (M.D.R)

The important roads within a district serving areas of production and markets and connecting those with each other or with main highways are known as Major District Roads. 

d) Other District Roads (O.D.R)

The roads serving rural areas of production and connecting them with outlet to market centers, taluk head quarters, block head quarters or other main roads are called Other District Roads. 

e) Village Roads

The roads connecting villages or groups of villages with each other or with the nearest road of higher category are known as village roads. 
Classification of Road in India

Classification of Urban Roads

The road systems within urban areas areas are classified as urban roads. In India, urban roads are classified into the following categories: 

a) Express ways

The portion of road way of an urban road reserved for use only by high speed or power driven vehicles is called Express way or motor way or super highway. 

b) Arterial  Roads

These are streets primarily for the high traffic on a continuous route. Arterial's have a higher level of traffic mobility, 

c) Sub-arterial Roads

These roads serve same purposes as arterial road, but have lower level of traffic than the arterial roads. 

d) Collector Streets

Collector Streets provide access to arterial streets and they collect & distribute from and to local streets.

e)Local Streets

Local Streets provide access to adjoining property.