What is Consolidation and consolidation factors - Civil Engineering

Sunday, 18 February 2018

What is Consolidation and consolidation factors

Consolidation can be defined as the compression resulting from a long term static load and the consequent escape of pore water from the saturated soil mass.
According to terzaghi,every process involving a decrease in the water content of a saturated soil mass due replacement of water by air is called a process of consolidation.

Consolidation occurs due to one or more of the following factors

a) Due to external static loads from structures.
b)Due to self weight of the soil such as recently placed fills.
c)Due to lowering of the ground water table.
d)Due to desiccation.

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