What is Consolidation and consolidation factors - Civil Engineering

Sunday, 18 February 2018

What is Consolidation and consolidation factors

What is Consolidation

Consolidation can be defined as the compression resulting from a long term static load and the consequent escape of pore water from the saturated soil mass.
According to terzaghi, every process involving a decrease in the water content of a saturated soil mass due replacement of water by air is called a process of consolidation.

Consolidation occurs due to one or more of the following factors

a) Due to external static loads from structures.
b) Due to self-weight of the soil such as recently placed fills.
c) Due to the lowering of the groundwater table.
d) Due to desiccation.

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